Zenith AM FM Model H724
This radio was a challenge. The chassis looks like it went through two separate events. These events had a component short resulting in arching and or a small burn. This is evident by scorch and smoke marks under the chassis. The FM antenna standoff and associated capacitor to ground were totally charred.
This is truly a Hot Chassis radio. There is no power transformer to provide isolation from the line (Schematic). And one side of the power cord is directly connected to the chassis through the power switch. Zenith took great pains to insure there are no metal parts that electrically touch the Hot Chassis that lead directly to the out side world. All the control shafts are mounted on insulating board, the tone control metal shaft is not connected to any electrical lead and the power cord is disconnected when the back is removed.
The classic argument is to install a polarized plug so the chassis side goes to neutral. However this effort is absolutely no guarantee of safety by today's standards. Two ways this can be an ineffective solution are:
1) If the home has no polarized outlets or the polarize outlet is miswired defeats the polarized plug effort.
2) Once the power switch is turned off the no load (infinite resistance) appears on the chassis as measured to ground. This will light up a neon test lamp, confuse and frighten the layperson.
This radio was tested for leakage using a 10,000 ohm load. The voltage was measured across a 10k ohm resistor connected from the G antenna terminal to earth ground. The maximum worst case voltage is 4.34 volts with 117 vac input. This translates to 0.424 ma. All other available exposed metal points measured less with all combinations of power on/off and the with the plug reversed. A neon lamp tester typically uses a 100,000 series resistor. Therefore requiring 1/10 the measured leakage current. So a neon test lamp will probably light.
An external Isolation transformer may be purchased and used on this type of transformer less radio.
135,912 unique web site visitors (14,499,000 hits) from October 2004 through August 2011.
Copyright © 2004 - 2012. All rights reserved.